Paralysis means the loss of sensation and control of a particular organ, usually one limb. There can be many reasons due to paralysis like stroke, spinal cord injuries, head injuries etc. Depending on the site of the brain or spinal cord damage, areas affected by paralysis can vary.
Participating in a loved one suffering from paralysis can tax both mental and physical taxes. However, taking part in their physical disability is important, you also need to ensure optimal mental health. However, keeping in mind some important points, it will help to ensure that you provide them at home equivalent hospital care.
Do something and do it which makes it easier for you to provide home care for patients with a paralysis:
1. Shift and turn
Do not allow the person to lie in the same condition for more than 2-3 hours, because they can develop pressure ulcers or wounds of the bed. If they are lying on the back, then change the situation on any side for a few hours daily. You can also use air or water beds to stop the wounds of the bed. Constant pressure on an area, e.g. The hip leads to compression of the local blood vessels and in turn the ulcer formation may occur. If the person already has the pressure ulcer, make sure you clean it with 2-3 times a day, with a clean cotton ball, to prevent infection and prevent recovery.
2. Do not forget to exercise
If only on the right or left side, or a local area is affected by paralysis, make sure the area is not neglected. Exercise to keep those muscles in shape regularly, because it is a normal human tendency to use muscles that are working well and ignore those who are not. The muscle is wasted if the muscles are wasted, but regular exercises can help in obtaining some or full strength by repeated stimulation.
3. Avoid falling and accidents
Special care should be taken to reduce the risk of degradation or accidents. These risks increase manifold due to the inability to control the activities of individuals. It can be done in the bathroom, with stairs, and by installing bars in the person’s room. Decrease or accident can slow down the recovery process or fracture may occur in the results. Using a sugar cane or walker as a support is a great way to avoid falling, yet allows freedom of movement and freedom.
4. Use Accessories
It also requires assistance in the work of everyday life like eating, bathing, wearing clothes, etc. There are tools like Richters, Sock Aids, etc. which help in preparing themselves for partially paralyzed individuals. Some people lose bladder control, and catheterization is required to prevent bed wetting on a regular basis. Learn from a professional nurse or doctor, or a trained nurse comes home every week to do the necessary work.
5. Get some fresh air
Do not keep the person in the house or room limited. Try as much as possible and take them out so that they can get some fresh air and maintain social contact. This is extremely important because the obligation of the house can easily become spiral in depression, suicidal thoughts etc.
6. Listen and talk to the patient
Due to facial paralysis, speech often gets spoiled. The person may not be able to clearly express pain or other needs. These are time-tested especially when you are in a hurry, but you need endurance, talk slowly and listen carefully. Once you use it, it will be easy. Talk to the person on every occasion, whenever possible, take part in the conversation. Keep them updated about nearby neighborhoods or general things so that they do not feel left out. Sit down and talk to them on a large scale with family and world events, even if they do not answer. Arrange a family together so that the patient can also feel desired and can be cured soon. Consulting a professional psychologist can help both the person and the caregiver.
7. Do not Give Up – Encourage the Patient
The most important thing is that you should be helpful and encourage the person towards the recovery path and in person, it should be implemented.
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